Confirmation Bias

Numerous studies have demonstrated that people generally give an excessive amount of value to confirmatory information, that is, to positive or supportive data. The "most likely reason for the excessive influence of confirmatory information is that it is easier to deal with cognitively" (Gilovich 1993). It is much easier to see how a piece of data supports a position than it is to see how it might count against the position. Consider a typical ESP experiment or a seemingly clairvoyant dream: Successes are often unambiguous or data are easily massaged to count as successes, while negative instances require intellectual effort to even see them as negative or to consider them as significant. The tendency to give more attention and weight to the positive and the confirmatory has been shown to influence memory. When digging into our memories for data relevant to a position, we are more likely to recall data that confirms the position (ibid.).


Folksonomies: psychology bias confirmation bias

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Gilovich:Person (0.860821 (neutral:0.000000))

Psychology (0.933708): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Critical thinking (0.902522): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc | yago
Cognitive psychology (0.853741): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Cognition (0.789195): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Cognitive bias (0.714614): dbpedia | freebase
Memory (0.673993): dbpedia | freebase
Bias (0.646000): dbpedia | freebase
That that is is that that is not is not is that it it is (0.638338): dbpedia | freebase

 confirmation bias
Electronic/World Wide Web>Internet Article:  Various, (2015), confirmation bias, Skeptic's Dictionary, Retrieved on 2015-02-26
  • Source Material []
  • Folksonomies: bias


    26 FEB 2015

     Confirmation Bias

    Confirmation Bias > Example/Illustration > Fox News and the Dangers of Confirmation Bias
    Folksonomies: cognition bias example
    Folksonomies: cognition bias example