When Science Became a Profession

The possibilities of modem technology were first in practice realised in England by the energy of a prosperous middle class. Accordingly, the industrial revolution started there. But the Germans explicitly realised the methods by which the deeper veins in the mine of science could be reached. In their technological schools and universities progress did not have to wait for the occasional genius or the occasional lucky thought. Their feats of scholarship during the nineteenth century were the admiration of the world. This discipline of knowledge applies beyond technology to pure science, and beyond science to general scholarship. It represents the change from amateurs to professionals.


Rising from the prosperous classes and the reliance on occasional genius to a methodology for producing consistent results.

Folksonomies: history science methodology profession

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/art and entertainment/movies and tv/movies (0.429702)

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Industrial Revolution (0.971076): dbpedia | freebase | yago
Luddite (0.912819): dbpedia | freebase | yago
Social class (0.832833): dbpedia | freebase
Professional (0.811107): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Scientific method (0.773852): dbpedia | freebase
Science (0.756126): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Technology (0.724400): dbpedia | freebase
Lewis Mumford (0.718386): dbpedia | freebase | yago

 Science and the Modern World
Books, Brochures, and Chapters>Book:  Whitehead , Alfred North (1926), Science and the Modern World, CUP Archive, Retrieved on 2014-05-29
  • Source Material [books.google.com]
  • Folksonomies: history science