Hot Red Chili Consumption Lowers Mortality

The evidence base for the health effects of spice consumption is insufficient, with only one large population-based study and no reports from Europe or North America. Our objective was to analyze the association between consumption of hot red chili peppers and mortality, using a population-based prospective cohort from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES) III, a representative sample of US noninstitutionalized adults, in which participants were surveyed from 1988 to 1994. The frequency of hot red chili pepper consumption was measured in 16,179 participants at least 18 years of age. Total and cause-specific mortality were the main outcome measures. During 273,877 person-years of follow-up (median 18.9 years), a total of 4,946 deaths were observed. Total mortality for participants who consumed hot red chili peppers was 21.6% compared to 33.6% for those who did not (absolute risk reduction of 12%; relative risk of 0.64). Adjusted for demographic, lifestyle, and clinical characteristics, the hazard ratio was 0.87 (P = 0.01; 95% Confidence Interval 0.77, 0.97). Consumption of hot red chili peppers was associated with a 13% reduction in the instantaneous hazard of death. Similar, but statistically nonsignificant trends were seen for deaths from vascular disease, but not from other causes. In this large population-based prospective study, the consumption of hot red chili pepper was associated with reduced mortality. Hot red chili peppers may be a beneficial component of the diet.

Notes:

Folksonomies: longevity

Taxonomies:
/science/mathematics/statistics (0.403154)
/health and fitness/disease/heart disease (0.402720)
/health and fitness/disease (0.376182)

Keywords:
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Concepts:
Chili pepper (0.958545): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Epidemiology (0.775926): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Relative risk (0.718754): dbpedia | freebase | yago
Medical statistics (0.700035): dbpedia | freebase
Black pepper (0.682000): dbpedia | freebase
Capsaicin (0.622474): dbpedia | freebase
Red Hot Chili Peppers (0.545416): website | dbpedia | freebase | yago | musicBrainz
Cayenne pepper (0.509127): dbpedia | freebase
Mexico (0.495422): website | dbpedia | ciaFactbook | freebase | opencyc | yago
Chili con carne (0.488415): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
New Mexican cuisine (0.483575): dbpedia | freebase
Fruit (0.477058): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Chili peppers (0.469356): dbpedia
Cuisine of the Southwestern United States (0.462495): dbpedia | freebase | yago
Capsicum (0.455374): dbpedia | freebase
Mexican cuisine (0.449090): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc

 The Association of Hot Red Chili Pepper Consumption and Mortality: A Large Population-Based Cohort Study
Periodicals>Journal Article:  Chopan, Mustafa and Littenberg, Benjamin (January 9, 2017), The Association of Hot Red Chili Pepper Consumption and Mortality: A Large Population-Based Cohort Study, Retrieved on 2017-01-18
  • Source Material [journals.plos.org]
  • Folksonomies: longevity


    Schemas

    04 MAR 2015

     Longevity

    How to live longer.
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