27 JUL 2018 by ideonexus

 Young Apes Resemble Human Children

Hartmann, in his work on the Anthropoid Apes (289, p. 301), quotes, approvingly, the words of Vogt: ‘When we consider the principles of the modern theory of evolution, as it is applied to the history of development, we are met by the important fact that in every respect the young ape stands nearer to the human child than the adult ape does to the adult man. The original differences between the young creatures of both types are much slighter than in their adult condition : this assertion, ma...
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31 JUL 2011 by ideonexus

 An Hour of TV a Day Equals a 10 Percent Increase in Atten...

Another example comes from a study that looked at bullying. For each hour of TV watched daily by children under age 4, the risk increased 9 percent that they would engage in bullying behavior by the time they started school. This is poor emotional regulation at work. Even taking into account chicken-or-egg uncertainties, the American Association of Pediatrics estimates that 10 percent to 20 percent of real-life violence can be attributed to exposure to media violence.   TV also poisons at...
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Even second-hand television, just having it on the the room, causes problems; therefore, the APA recommends no Television for children for two years.

28 JUL 2011 by ideonexus

 Talk to Your Babies

The more parents talk to their children, even in the earliest moments of life, the better their kids linguistic abilities become and the faster that improvement is achieved. The gold standard is 2,100 words per hour. The variety of the words spoken (nouns, verbs, and adjectives used, along with the length and complexity of phrases and sentences) is nearly as important as the number of words spoken. So is the amount of positive feedback. You can reinforce language skills through interaction: l...
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2,100 words per hour in a variety of words. Babies are listening.

28 JUL 2011 by ideonexus

 The Affect of a Nurturing Environment on Babies

If survival is the brain’s most important priority, safety is the most important expression of that priority. This is the lesson Harlow’s iron maidens teach us. Babies are completely at the mercy of the people who brought them into the world. This understanding has a behavioral blast radius in infants that obscures every other behavioral priority they have. How do babies handle these concerns? By attempting to establish a productive relationship with the local power structures—you, in ...
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Babies that have their needs met grow up to be regular children, babies that are neglected, even in just the first four months, grow up to be gang members.

28 JUL 2011 by ideonexus

 Imaginative Play with Rules

Vygotsky was one of the few researchers of his era to study dramatic play in children. He predicted that the ability of the under-5 crowd to engage in imaginative activities was going to be a better gauge of academic success than any other activity—including quantitative and verbal competencies. The reason, Vygotsky believed, was that such engagement allowed children to learn how to regulate their social behaviors. Hardly the carefree activity we think of in the United States, Vygotsky sa...
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Adding rules to imaginative play gives children better self-control.

28 JUL 2011 by ideonexus

 Benefits of Open-Ended Playtime

Studies show that, compared with controls, kids allowed a specific type of open-ended play time were: • More creative. On average they came up with three times as many nonstandard creative uses for specific objects (a standard lab measure) as did controls. • Better at language. The children’s use of language was more facile. They displayed a richer store of vocabulary and a more varied use of words. • Better at problem solving. This is fluid intelligence, one of the basic...
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Lots of boosts to a child's creativity and cognition when they are allowed free playtime.

28 JUL 2011 by ideonexus

 The Baby's Brain is Interested in Surviving

Many well-meaning moms and dads think their child’s brain is interested in learning. That is not accurate. The brain is not interested in learning. The brain is interested in surviving. Every ability in our intellectual tool kit was engineered to escape extinction. Learning exists only to serve the requirements of this primal goal. It is a happy coincidence that our intellectual tools can do double duty in the classroom, conferring on us the ability to create spreadsheets and speak Fre...
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This is an important thing to remember when trying to teach children: first provide them a safe environment.

28 JUL 2011 by ideonexus

 Sign Language May Boost Cognition in Children by 50 Percent

Gestures and speech used similar neural circuits as they developed in our evolutionary history. University of Chicago psycholinguist David McNeill was the first to suggest this. He thought nonverbal and verbal skills might retain their strong ties even though they’ve diverged into separate behavioral spheres. He was right. Studies confirmed it with a puzzling finding: People who could no longer move their limbs after a brain injury also increasingly lost their ability to communicate verball...
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Children who learned the form of communication in the first grade performed 50 percent better on a series of cognitive tests.

28 JUL 2011 by ideonexus

 Five Ingredients for Human Intelligence

• The desire to explore • Self-control • Creativity • Verbal communication • Decoding nonverbal communication
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Things to keep in mind when stimulating your child's intellect.

28 JUL 2011 by ideonexus

 Reconcile in Front of Your Children

Even in an emotionally stable home, one without regular marital hostility, there will be fights. Fortunately, research shows that the amount of fighting couples do in front of their children is less damaging than the lack of reconciliation the kids observe. Many couples will fight in front of their children but reconcile in private. This skews a child’s perceptions, even at early ages, for the child always sees the wounding but never the bandaging. Parents who practice bandaging each other ...
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Fighting in front of your children isn't as bad as not making up in front of them