1973 Humanist Manifesto II - Ethics


THIRD: We affirm that moral values derive their source from human experience. Ethics is autonomous and situational needing no theological or ideological sanction. Ethics stems from human need and interest. To deny this distorts the whole basis of life. Human life has meaning because we create and develop our futures. Happiness and the creative realization of human needs and desires, individually and in shared enjoyment, are continuous themes of humanism. We strive for the good life, here and now. The goal is to pursue life's enrichment despite debasing forces of vulgarization, commercialization, and dehumanization.

FOURTH: Reason and intelligence are the most effective instruments that humankind possesses. There is no substitute: neither faith nor passion suffices in itself. The controlled use of scientific methods, which have transformed the natural and social sciences since the Renaissance, must be extended further in the solution of human problems. But reason must be tempered by humility, since no group has a monopoly of wisdom or virtue. Nor is there any guarantee that all problems can be solved or all questions answered. Yet critical intelligence, infused by a sense of human caring, is the best method that humanity has for resolving problems. Reason should be balanced with compassion and empathy and the whole person fulfilled. Thus, we are not advocating the use of scientific intelligence independent of or in opposition to emotion, for we believe in the cultivation of feeling and love. As science pushes back the boundary of the known, humankind's sense of wonder is continually renewed, and art, poetry, and music find their places, along with religion and ethics.


Section on Ethics from the Humanist Manifesto.

Folksonomies: science atheism humanism humanist secular humanism rationality

/science/social science/philosophy/ethics (0.618144)
/business and industrial (0.379747)
/law, govt and politics (0.370871)

Humanist Manifesto (0.913680 (neutral:0.000000)), scientific intelligence independent (0.775869 (neutral:0.000000)), ideological sanction (0.655685 (neutral:0.000000)), ethics (0.645124 (negative:-0.035539)), Ethics Section (0.626074 (neutral:0.000000)), human need (0.608927 (negative:-0.286204)), human experience (0.604346 (positive:0.579913)), creative realization (0.601954 (positive:0.785056)), moral values (0.597523 (positive:0.579913)), good life (0.594426 (positive:0.612938)), Human life (0.592120 (positive:0.599177)), human needs (0.591137 (positive:0.785056)), continuous themes (0.584397 (positive:0.634873)), effective instruments (0.578349 (positive:0.699410)), passion suffices (0.574604 (negative:-0.581182)), social sciences (0.572164 (positive:0.273632)), human problems (0.565511 (positive:0.353552)), scientific methods (0.564994 (positive:0.285940)), human caring (0.563321 (positive:0.664769)), best method (0.561305 (positive:0.624845)), critical intelligence (0.554960 (neutral:0.000000)), reason (0.467708 (positive:0.815370)), sense (0.395565 (positive:0.572009)), humankind (0.386144 (positive:0.479250)), empathy (0.367745 (positive:0.931329)), humility (0.366695 (neutral:0.000000)), possesses (0.366424 (positive:0.699410)), desires (0.364323 (positive:0.785056)), substitute (0.362169 (negative:-0.518591)), monopoly (0.360625 (neutral:0.000000))

Ethics Section on Ethics:PrintMedia (0.941467 (neutral:0.000000))

Science (0.963549): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Humanism (0.923273): dbpedia | freebase
Human (0.805065): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Humanist Manifesto (0.791455): dbpedia | freebase
Morality (0.735091): dbpedia | freebase
Psychology (0.686491): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Virtue (0.679909): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Religion (0.588603): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc

 Humanist Manifesto II
Electronic/World Wide Web>Internet Article:  American Humanist Association, Wilson, Kurtz (1973), Humanist Manifesto II, American Humanist Association, Retrieved on 2011-03-23
  • Source Material [www.americanhumanist.org]
  • Folksonomies: spiritual naturalism atheism humanism humanist secular humanism