30 MAY 2015 by ideonexus

 Reason Powers Empathy and Altruism

It is not the soft power of humanity, it is not that feeble spark of benevolence which Nature has lighted up in the human heart, that is thus capable of counteracting the strongest impulses of self-love. It is a stronger power, a more forcible motive, which exerts itself upon such occasions. It is reason, principle, conscience, the inhabitant of the breast, the man within, the great judge and arbiter of our conduct. It is he who, whenever we are about to act so as to affect the happiness of o...
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30 MAY 2015 by ideonexus

 Scientific Reasoning Explains Increases in IQ

The bombshell is that the Flynn Effect is almost certainly environmental. Natural selection has a speed limit measured in generations, but the Flynn Effect is measurable on the scale of decades and years. Flynn was also able to rule out increases in nutrition, overall health, and outbreeding (marrying outside one’s local community) as explanations for his eponymous effect.241 Whatever propels the Flynn Effect, then, is likely to be in people’s cognitive environments, not in their genes, d...
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30 MAY 2015 by ideonexus

 Beginning to Reason

Beginning to reason is like stepping onto an escalator that leads upward and out of sight. Once we take the first step, the distance to be traveled is independent of our will and we cannot know in advance where we shall end.... If we do not understand what an escalator is, we might get on it intending to go a few meters, only to find that once we are on, it is difficult to avoid going all the way to the end. Similarly, once reasoning has got started it is hard to tell where it will stop. The...
Folksonomies: reasoning reason
Folksonomies: reasoning reason
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20 FEB 2015 by ideonexus

 Reason: A Fictional Software

Reason allows users to specify in advance the decision they want it to reach, and only then to input all the facts. The program's task was to construct a plausible series of logical-sounding steps to connect the premises with the conclusion. The only copy was sold to the US Government for an undisclosed fee.
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21 JUN 2012 by ideonexus

 Three Things Reasonable People Must Do

The first thing the reasonable man must do is to be content with a very little knowledge and a very great deal of ignorance. The second thing he must do is to make the utmost possible use of the knowledge he has and not waste his energy crying for the moon. The third thing he must do is try and see clearly where his knowledge ends and his ignorance begins.
Folksonomies: knowledge reason
Folksonomies: knowledge reason
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1. Be content with one's own ignorance. 2. Make the best use of the knowledge you have. 3. Know the boundaries of one's knowledge.

07 JUN 2012 by ideonexus

 Reason Requires Experimentation

Reason must approach nature with the view, indeed, of receiving information from it, not, however, in the character of a pupil, who listens to all that his master chooses to tell him, but in that of a judge, who compels the witnesses to reply to those questions which he himself thinks fit to propose. To this single idea must the revolution be ascribed, by which, after groping in the dark for so many centuries, natural science was at length conducted into the path of certain progress.
Folksonomies: experimentation reason
Folksonomies: experimentation reason
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The observer must be actively engaged with nature, interrogating it, rather than playing the passive pupil.

18 MAY 2012 by ideonexus

 God Gave Us Senses and Reason in Order to Use Them

But I do not feel obliged to believe that that same God who has endowed us with senses, reason, and intellect has intended to forgo their use and by some other means to give us knowledge which we can attain by them.
Folksonomies: religion philosophy reason
Folksonomies: religion philosophy reason
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Argument from Gallileo.

24 MAR 2012 by ideonexus

 Transcript of Adam Savage's Speech at the Reason Rally in...

I have been racking my brain for the past few weeks trying to think of ways to talk about reason and being reasonable. It turns out it's not a simple subject. I am a very non-confrontational person. I am, most of the time, the very definition of a reasonable man. I don't like telling people things they don't want to hear. I want people to get along. I want people to like me. I want to find good things in people. I want to understand viewpoints that differ from mine. I want my tombstone to say...
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My favorite speech from the rally.

03 SEP 2011 by ideonexus

 Barbarism Complements Miracles

In those parts of the world where learning and science has prevailed, miracles have ceased; but in those parts of it as are barbarous and ignorant, miracles are still in vogue.
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Where learning and science have won, miracles have vanished.

17 JUN 2011 by ideonexus

 God Made Man With Reason

For being educated, from my cradle, in the grossest superstition and idolatry, God was pleased to make my own reason, and such as made use of theirs, the happy instruments of my conversion. Thus I have been very early accustomed to examination and enquiry, and taught not to captivate my understanding, no more than my senses to any man or society whatsoever.
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And understanding should be based on that and not be given over to other men or society.