Healthy Lifestyle Changes Increase Telomerase Length by 10%

Methods

This follow-up study compared ten men and 25 external controls who had biopsy-proven low-risk prostate cancer and had chosen to undergo active surveillance. Eligible participants were enrolled between 2003 and 2007 from previous studies and selected according to the same criteria. Men in the intervention group followed a programme of comprehensive lifestyle changes (diet, activity, stress management, and social support), and the men in the control group underwent active surveillance alone. We took blood samples at 5 years and compared relative telomere length and telomerase enzymatic activity per viable cell with those at baseline, and assessed their relation to the degree of lifestyle changes.

Findings

Relative telomere length increased from baseline by a median of 0·06 telomere to single-copy gene ratio (T/S)units (IQR—0·05 to 0·11) in the lifestyle intervention group, but decreased in the control group (−0·03 T/S units, −0·05 to 0·03, difference p=0·03). When data from the two groups were combined, adherence to lifestyle changes was significantly associated with relative telomere length after adjustment for age and the length of follow-up (for each percentage point increase in lifestyle adherence score, T/S units increased by 0·07, 95% CI 0·02—0·12, p=0·005). At 5 years, telomerase activity had decreased from baseline by 0·25 (—2·25 to 2·23) units in the lifestyle intervention group, and by 1·08 (—3·25 to 1·86) units in the control group (p=0·64), and was not associated with adherence to lifestyle changes (relative risk 0·93, 95% CI 0·72—1·20, p=0·57).

Notes:

Small sample size, but first evidence that healthy living can actually reverse the aging process somewhat.

Folksonomies: longevity healthy living exercise

Taxonomies:
/hobbies and interests/arts and crafts/jewelry making (0.394740)
/health and fitness/disease (0.256344)
/health and fitness/aging (0.246688)

Keywords:
relative telomere length (0.983017 (neutral:0.000000)), lifestyle changes (0.904965 (positive:0.416387)), lifestyle intervention group (0.775704 (neutral:0.000000)), Healthy Lifestyle Changes (0.649891 (positive:0.646666)), control group (0.635188 (negative:-0.432721)), lifestyle adherence score (0.614015 (neutral:0.000000)), comprehensive lifestyle changes (0.611132 (positive:0.401592)), telomerase enzymatic activity (0.587167 (neutral:0.000000)), T/S units (0.574578 (neutral:0.000000)), Small sample size (0.565813 (positive:0.646666)), biopsy-proven low-risk prostate (0.557109 (negative:-0.460990)), active surveillance (0.556815 (negative:-0.460990)), Telomerase Length (0.552309 (positive:0.646666)), single-copy gene ratio (0.534839 (neutral:0.000000)), percentage point increase (0.515336 (neutral:0.000000)), telomerase activity (0.469118 (negative:-0.336614)), relative risk (0.448613 (neutral:0.000000)), healthy living (0.443541 (positive:0.607605)), follow-up study (0.443083 (negative:-0.460990)), Eligible participants (0.433695 (positive:0.346778)), previous studies (0.431481 (positive:0.346778)), external controls (0.431034 (negative:-0.460990)), viable cell (0.430100 (neutral:0.000000)), social support (0.428577 (neutral:0.000000)), blood samples (0.426424 (neutral:0.000000)), stress management (0.425796 (negative:-0.378870)), difference p=0·03 (0.419922 (neutral:0.000000)), baseline (0.405547 (negative:-0.336614)), median (0.329456 (neutral:0.000000)), Methods (0.325186 (neutral:0.000000))

Entities:
5 years:Quantity (0.010000 (neutral:0.000000)), 95%:Quantity (0.010000 (neutral:0.000000)), 10%:Quantity (0.010000 (neutral:0.000000))

Concepts:
Senescence (0.967517): website | dbpedia | freebase
Sample size (0.827322): dbpedia
Telomerase (0.772200): dbpedia | freebase
Telomere (0.762600): dbpedia | freebase
Epidemiology (0.744456): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Ageing (0.674484): dbpedia | freebase
DNA (0.634976): website | dbpedia | freebase | yago
Nutrition (0.599664): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc

 Effect of comprehensive lifestyle changes on telomerase activity and telomere length in men with biopsy-proven low-risk prostate cancer: 5-year follow-up of a descriptive pilot study
Periodicals>Journal Article:  Ornish, Lin, Chan, Epel, Kemp, Weidner, Marlin, Frenda, Magbanua, Daubenmier, Estay, Hills, Chainani-Wu, Carroll, Blackburn (17 September 2013), Effect of comprehensive lifestyle changes on telomerase activity and telomere length in men with biopsy-proven low-risk prostate cancer: 5-year follow-up of a descriptive pilot study, The Lancet Oncology, Retrieved on 2013-09-17
  • Source Material [www.thelancet.com]
  • Folksonomies: biology exercise longevity


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