13 MAR 2014 by ideonexus

 There is No Definition of "Species"

There is no authoritative definition of “species.” The most widely accepted definition describes a group of organisms that can procreate with one another and produce fertile offspring, but there are many exceptions. De-extinction operates under a different definition altogether. Revive & Restore hopes to create a bird that interacts with its ecosystem as the passenger pigeon did. If the new bird fills the same ecological niche, it will be successful; if not, back to the petri dish. ...
Folksonomies: biology definition species
Folksonomies: biology definition species
  1  notes

Which raises the question of resurrecting species, is the resurrected the same species?

21 MAY 2013 by ideonexus

 Ship of Theseus Paradox

The ship wherein Theseus and the youth of Athens returned [from Crete] had thirty oars, and was preserved by the Athenians down even to the time of Demetrius Phalereus, for they took away the old planks as they decayed, putting in new and stronger timber in their place, insomuch that this ship became a standing example among the philosophers, for the logical question of things that grow; one side holding that the ship remained the same, and the other contending that it was not the same.
Folksonomies: philosophy paradox
Folksonomies: philosophy paradox
 1  1  notes

Is a ship that has every board and nail replaced the same ship?