Quantity of Time Spent with Children has No Impact on Outcomes

Does the amount of time children spend with their mothers matter for children’s behavioral, emotional, and academic outcomes? The results from ordinary least squares regression models for the child sample are shown in Table 2. There were no statistically significant associations between maternal time of either type and any child outcome. In contrast, social status resources, as measured by mother’s education, family income, and family structure, was related to some outcomes. Mother’s education was positively associated with children’s performance in reading and math, and family income was positively associated with children’s math performance. Compared to living with married biological parents, children living in stepfamilies had more behavioral problems, and children living in single-mother households had more emotional problems. We examined statistical power for our models and found ample power for detecting true effects in the data, if they existed. For example, for the model examining the association between maternal engaged time and children’s externalizing problems, we assumed that maternal engaged time with 17 other variables would exhibit a small effect size as defined by Liu (2014), which is a partial R2 of .0196. With the sample size of 1,605, we found power greater than .999 (p < .05).

The results of the same analysis for adolescents are reported in Table 3. Again, there were no statistically significant associations between the amount of either type of maternal time and adolescents’ behavioral, emotional, or academic outcomes. Once again, social status resources were more strongly related to adolescent well-being than time. Mother’s education was significantly positively associated with adolescents’ performance in reading and math. Living in stepfamily or single-mother households was associated with more behavioral problems for adolescents than was living with married biological parents.


More important are the mother's education level and family financial status.

Folksonomies: parenting

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statistically significant associations (0.958716 (negative:-0.237954)), married biological parents (0.926099 (neutral:0.000000)), social status resources (0.910486 (positive:0.384176)), academic outcomes (0.724830 (neutral:0.000000)), single-mother households (0.704826 (negative:-0.314076)), maternal engaged time (0.698701 (negative:-0.240404)), family financial status (0.698190 (positive:0.285165)), maternal time (0.696255 (negative:-0.237954)), family income (0.689354 (positive:0.301493)), squares regression models (0.688192 (neutral:0.000000)), behavioral problems (0.674373 (negative:-0.255278)), children (0.671416 (positive:0.128860)), Time Spent (0.572035 (positive:0.285165)), education level (0.565439 (positive:0.285165)), mother’s education (0.558218 (neutral:0.000000)), child outcome (0.555303 (negative:-0.237954)), ample power (0.550122 (positive:0.377685)), true effects (0.550073 (positive:0.377685)), family structure (0.549120 (positive:0.206237)), child sample (0.547863 (neutral:0.000000)), emotional problems (0.546103 (negative:-0.314076)), small effect (0.544908 (neutral:0.000000)), children’s performance (0.544628 (positive:0.417719)), children’s math (0.543940 (positive:0.389207)), statistical power (0.542840 (positive:0.377685)), adolescent well-being (0.540560 (positive:0.384176)), sample size (0.532849 (neutral:0.000000)), adolescents (0.520579 (neutral:0.000000)), results (0.458897 (neutral:0.000000)), Table (0.458670 (neutral:0.000000))

single-mother:City (0.714835 (negative:-0.314076)), Liu:Person (0.685352 (neutral:0.000000))

Family (0.965387): dbpedia | freebase
Regression analysis (0.936320): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Statistical significance (0.912765): dbpedia | freebase
Effect size (0.829977): dbpedia | freebase | yago
Least squares (0.697029): dbpedia | freebase
Mother (0.671965): dbpedia | freebase
Statistical power (0.660763): dbpedia | freebase
Statistical hypothesis testing (0.609879): dbpedia | freebase

 Does the Amount of Time Mothers Spend With Children or Adolescents Matter?
Periodicals>Newspaper Article:  Milkie, Nomaguchi, Denny (March 28, 2015), Does the Amount of Time Mothers Spend With Children or Adolescents Matter?, Retrieved on 2015-04-03
  • Source Material [apps.washingtonpost.com]
  • Folksonomies: parenting


    14 JUN 2011

     Parenthood and Family

    Parent schema for child schemas about being a good parent, dealing with pregnancy, and raising intelligent children.