Patriotism VS Nationalism

Can a Communist, who is an internationalist, at the same time be a patriot? We hold that he not only can be but must be. The specific content of patriotism is determined by historical conditions. There is the "patriotism" of the Japanese aggressors and of Hitler, and there is our patriotism. Communists must resolutely oppose the "patriotism" of the Japanese aggressors and of Hitler. The Communists of Japan and Germany are defeatists with regard to the wars being waged by their countries. To bring about the defeat of the Japanese aggressors and of Hitler by every possible means is in the interests of the Japanese and the German people, and the more complete the defeat the better.... For the wars launched by the Japanese aggressors and Hitler are harming the people at home as well as the people of the world. China's case, however, is different, because she is the victim of aggression. Chinese Communists must therefore combine patriotism with internationalism. We are at once internationalists and patriots, and our slogan is, "Fight to defend the motherland against the aggressors." For us defeatism is a crime and to strive for victory in the War of Resistance is an inescapable duty. For only by hghting in defence of the motherland can we defeat the aggressors and achieve national liberation. And only by achieving national liberation will it be possible for the proletariat and other working people to achieve their own emancipation. The victory of China and the defeat of the invading imperialists will help the people of other countries. Thus in wars of national liberation patriotism is applied internationalism.

"The Role of the Chinese Communist Party in the National War" (October 1938), Selected Works, Vol. II, p. 196.*


Mao appears to be arguing for balance and for the rejection of certain kinds of patriotism that hurt the homeland, as what he sees in Germany and Japan of the time.

Folksonomies: nationalism patriotism internationalism

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Marxism (0.969994): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc | yago
Mao Zedong (0.845020): dbpedia | freebase | yago
People's Republic of China (0.818427): geo | website | dbpedia | yago
World War II (0.791761): dbpedia | freebase | yago
Communism (0.749182): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Communist Party of China (0.715038): website | dbpedia | freebase | yago
Nationalism (0.667979): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Deng Xiaoping (0.605720): website | dbpedia | freebase | opencyc | yago

 Quotations Friom Chairman Mao Tsetung
Books, Brochures, and Chapters>Book:  Mao, Zedong (2006-03-01), Quotations Friom Chairman Mao Tsetung, Synergy International of the Americas, Retrieved on 2014-01-02
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  • Folksonomies: communism socialism