Resolving Contradictions in Society

In the conditions prevailing in China today, the contradictions among the people comprise the contradictions within the working class, the contradictions within the peasantry, the contradictions within the intelligentsia, the contradictions between the working class and the peasantry, the contradictions between the workers and peasants on the one hand and the intellectuals on the other, the contradictions between the working class and other sections of the working people on the one hand and the national bourgeoisie on the other, the contradictions within the national bourgeoisie, and so on. Our People's Government is one that genuinely represents the people's interests, it is a government that serves the people. Nevertheless, there are still certain contradictions between the government and the people. These include contradictions among the interests of the state, the interests of the collective and the interests of the individual; between democracy and centralism; between the leadership and the led; and the contradiction arising from the bureaucratic style of work of certain government workers in their relations with the masses. All these are also contradictions among the people. Generally speaking, the people's basic identity of interests underlies the contradictions among the people.

On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People (February 27, 1957), 1st pocket ed.. p. 2.

Qualitatively different contradictions can only be resolved by qualitatively different methods. For instance, the contradiction between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie is resolved by the method of socialist revolution; the contradiction between the great masses of the people and the feudal system is resolved by the method of democratic revolution; the contradiction between the colonies and imperialism is resolved by the method of national revolutionary war; the contradiction between the working class and the peasant class in socialist society is resolved by the method of collectivization and mechanization in agriculture; contradiction within the Communist Party is resolved by the method of criticism and self-criticism; the contradiction between society and nature is resolved by the method of developing the productive forces. . . . The principle of using different methods to resolve different contradictions is one which Marxist-Leninists must strictly observe.

"On Contradiction" (August 1937), Selected Works, Vol. I, pp. 321-22 .

The only way to settle questions of an ideological nature or controversial issues among the people is by the democratic method, the method of discussion, of criticism, of persuasion and education, and not by the method of coercion or repression.

To be able to carry on their production and studies effectively and to arrange their lives properly, the people want their government and those in charge of production and of cultural and educational organizations to issue appropriate orders of an obligatory nature. It is common sense that the maintenance of public order would be impossible without such administrative regulations. Administrative orders and the method of persuasion and education complement each other in resolving contradictions among the people. Even administrative regulations for the maintenance of public order must be accompanied by persuasion and education, for in many cases regulations alone will not work.

On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People (February 27, 1957), 1st pocket ed., pp. 5-6.

Inevitably, the bourgeoisie and petty bourgeoisie will give expression to their own ideologies. Inevitably, they will stubbornly express themselves on political and ideological questions by every possible means. You cannot expect them to do otherwise. We should not use the method of suppression and prevent them from expressing themselves, but should allow them to do so and at the same time argue with them and direct appropriate criticism at them. We must undoubtedly criticize wrong ideas of every description. It certainly would not be right to refrain from criticism, look on while wrong ideas spread unchecked and allow them to monopolize the field. Mistakes must be criticized and poissnous weeds fought wherever they crop up. However, such criticism should not be dogmatic, and the metaphysical method should not be used, but efforts should be made to apply the dialectical method. What is needed is scientific analysis and convincing argument.

Ibid., pp. 55-56.


The term "contradictions" here describes social conflicts, conflicts of interest.

Folksonomies: debate government disputation social conflict

/society (0.532003)
/law, govt and politics/government (0.448336)
/religion and spirituality (0.393694)

contradictions (0.977143 (positive:0.149642)), Qualitatively different contradictions (0.808389 (negative:-0.301966)), certain contradictions (0.743193 (negative:-0.395778)), people (0.727718 (positive:0.192058)), working class (0.662190 (negative:-0.576832)), method (0.644637 (negative:-0.421263)), national bourgeoisie (0.635107 (negative:-0.537223)), Correct Handling (0.590350 (positive:0.584094)), qualitatively different methods (0.588313 (negative:-0.301966)), public order (0.583747 (negative:-0.249043)), wrong ideas (0.579974 (negative:-0.587493)), pocket ed.. p. (0.578031 (neutral:0.000000)), certain government workers (0.577230 (negative:-0.588722)), national revolutionary war (0.574497 (neutral:0.000000)), administrative regulations (0.571788 (negative:-0.249043)), direct appropriate criticism (0.566905 (positive:0.269877)), petty bourgeoisie (0.541604 (negative:-0.683068)), working people (0.525234 (negative:-0.615206)), social conflicts (0.511150 (negative:-0.677072)), bureaucratic style (0.506419 (negative:-0.588722)), dialectical method (0.504310 (neutral:0.000000)), democratic method (0.504084 (negative:-0.289749)), basic identity (0.501081 (neutral:0.000000)), metaphysical method (0.500629 (neutral:0.000000)), peasant class (0.498885 (neutral:0.000000)), great masses (0.498643 (neutral:0.000000)), ideological nature (0.497603 (negative:-0.289749)), Communist Party (0.497148 (neutral:0.000000)), Selected Works (0.496490 (positive:0.209884)), interests (0.496157 (negative:-0.332260))

People's Government:Organization (0.899104 (neutral:0.000000)), Communist Party:Organization (0.523592 (negative:-0.611586)), China:Country (0.522439 (negative:-0.407352)), one hand:Quantity (0.522439 (neutral:0.000000))

Marxism (0.958828): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc | yago
Social class (0.518042): dbpedia | freebase
Working class (0.501432): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Socialism (0.479459): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Karl Marx (0.474737): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc | yago
Marxist theory (0.453180): dbpedia
Proletariat (0.446326): dbpedia | freebase
Petite bourgeoisie (0.395738): dbpedia

 Quotations Friom Chairman Mao Tsetung
Books, Brochures, and Chapters>Book:  Mao, Zedong (2006-03-01), Quotations Friom Chairman Mao Tsetung, Synergy International of the Americas, Retrieved on 2014-01-02
  • Source Material []
  • Folksonomies: communism socialism