Galileo's Renunciation

I, Galileo Galilei, son of the late Vincenzo Galilei, of Florence, aged seventy years, being brought personally to judgment, and kneeling before your Most Eminent and Most Reverend Lords Cardinals, General Inquisitors of the universal Christian republic against heretical depravity, having before my eyes the Holy Gospels, which I touch with my own hands, swear that I have always believed, and now believe, and with the help of God will in future believe, every article which the Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church of Rome holds, teaches, and preaches. But because I have been enjoined by this Holy Office altogether to abandon the false opinion which maintains that the sun is the centre and immovable, and forbidden to hold, defend, or teach the said false doctrine in any manner, and after it hath been signified to me that the said doctrine is repugnant with the Holy Scripture, I have written and printed a book, in which I treat of the same doctrine now condemned, and adduce reasons with great force in support of the same, without giving any solution, and therefore have been judged grievously suspected of heresy; that is to say, that I held and believed that the sun is the centre of the universe and is immovable, and that the earth is not the centre and is movable; willing, therefore, to remove from the minds of your Eminences, and of every Catholic Christian, this vehement suspicion rightfully entertained toward me, with a sincere heart and unfeigned faith, I abjure, curse, and detest the said errors and heresies, and generally every other error and sect contrary to Holy Church; and I swear that I will never more in future say or assert anything verbally, or in writing, which may give rise to a similar suspicion of me; but if I shall know any heretic, or anyone suspected of heresy, that I will denounce him to this Holy Office, or to the Inquisitor or Ordinary of the place where I may be; I swear, moreover, and promise, that I will fulfil and observe fully, all the penances which have been or shall be laid on me by this Holy Office. But if it shall happen that I violate any of my said promises, oaths, and protestations (which God avert!), I subject myself to all the pains and punishments which have been decreed and promulgated by the sacred canons, and other general and particular constitutions, against delinquents of this description. So may God help me, and his Holy Gospels which I touch with my own hands. I, the above-named Galileo Galilei, have abjured, sworn, promised, and bound myself as above, and in witness thereof with my own hand have subscribed this present writing of my abjuration, which I have recited word for word. At Rome, in the Convent of Minerva, June 22, 1633. I, Galileo Galilei, have abjured as above with my own hand.


Text of what the church forced him to sign or die.

Folksonomies: religion ignorance

/technology and computing/consumer electronics/camera and photo equipment/telescopes (0.577469)
/law, govt and politics (0.411067)
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Galileo Galilei (0.946334): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc | yago
Vincenzo Galilei (0.868510): dbpedia | freebase | yago
Inquisition (0.827274): dbpedia | freebase
Sun (0.711911): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Michelagnolo Galilei (0.705906): dbpedia | freebase | yago
Pope John Paul II (0.677944): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc | yago
Heresy (0.662711): dbpedia | freebase
Vincenzo Viviani (0.628664): dbpedia | freebase | yago

 Discoveries and opinions of Galileo
Books, Brochures, and Chapters>Book:  Galilei , Galileo and Drake , Stillman (1957), Discoveries and opinions of Galileo, Anchor, Retrieved on 2012-05-18
  • Source Material []
  • Folksonomies: science