Fossils and the Age of the Earth

In the mountains of Parma and Piacenza, multitudes of shells and corals filled with worm-holes may be seen still adhering to the rocks, and when I was making the great horse at Milan a large sack of those which had been found in these parts was brought to my workshop by some peasants... The red stone of the mountains of Verona is found with shells all intermingled, which have become part of this stone... And if you should say that these shells have been and still constantly are being created in such places as these by the nature of the locality or by potency of the heavens in these spots, such an opinion cannot exist in brains possessed of any extensive powers of reasoning because the years of their growth are numbered upon the outer coverings of their shells; and both small and large ones may be seen; and these would not have grown without feeding, or fed without movement, and here [embedded in rock] they would not have been able to move... The peaks of the Apennines once stood up in a sea, in the form of islands surrounded by salt water... and above the plains of Italy where flocks of birds are flying today, fishes were once moving in large shoals.


Leonardo da Vinci sees evidence that mountains were once under the sea.

Folksonomies: geology fossils

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Milan (0.570426): website | dbpedia | freebase | yago | geonames
Serie B (0.562993): website | dbpedia | freebase | yago
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 The notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci
Books, Brochures, and Chapters>Book:  Vinci) , Leonardo (da (1938), The notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci, Retrieved on 2012-04-23
  • Source Material []
  • Folksonomies: art