Studies Showing the Benefits of Exercise

Scientists are also encouraged by studies on mice with a certain genetic mutation that makes them age prematurely — complete with graying and thinning fur, cataracts, hearing loss, smaller brains, enlarged hearts, anemia and thin and weak muscles — hallmark symptoms of growing older. To test whether it was possible to slow or reverse the process in these mice, a team led by Dr. Mark Tarnopolsky, a professor of pediatrics and medicine at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, had the rodents exercise on treadmills three times a week from the age of 3 months to 8 months (about ages 20 to 55 in human terms).

In a 2011 study in the journal Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, the researchers showed that the exercise prevented many of the physiological symptoms of aging as well as premature death in the mice — to the point where they were indistinguishable from non-genetically altered mice.

"We protected not just the muscles — which people conceptually would say, 'Well, yeah, it makes sense that if you run, your muscles will be protected' — but even their cataracts, their kidneys, their gonads," Tarnopolsky says.

Similar results can be seen in humans. For 21 years, researchers at Stanford University have studied the effects of consistent exercise on 284 runners 50 and older. In a 2002 article in the Archives ofInternal Medicine, they reported that — 13 years into the study — a control group of 156 similar people who exercised much less on the whole than the runners had a 3.3 times higher death rate than runners as well as higher rates of disabilities.

In a 2008 study in the same journal, they reported that after 19 years, 15% of runners had died, compared with 34% of the control group. After 21 years, runners had significantly lower disability levels than non-runners; their death rates from cardiovascular events, cancer and neurologic disorders were much lower than in non-runners — 65 of the runners had died of cardiovascular, neurologic and cancer events compared with 98 deaths in the control group.

"You're 100 times better … as an athlete training in your 40s and 50s than a sedentary person in your 20s, any way you look at it," Tarnopolsky says.


In reversing the effects of ageing.

Folksonomies: health exercise healthy living ageing

/health and fitness/exercise (0.522111)
/health and fitness/aging (0.245225)
/health and fitness/disease (0.167266)

Dr. Mark Tarnopolsky (0.940183 (neutral:0.000000)), Tarnopolsky says.Similar results (0.920281 (neutral:0.000000)), certain genetic mutation (0.851141 (negative:-0.593411)), non-genetically altered mice. (0.845574 (neutral:0.000000)), significantly lower disability (0.807595 (negative:-0.608049)), Archives ofInternal Medicine (0.794957 (neutral:0.000000)), times higher death (0.784064 (neutral:0.000000)), control group (0.758506 (negative:-0.257321)), weak muscles (0.696864 (negative:-0.712740)), runners (0.671897 (negative:-0.577973)), consistent exercise (0.656709 (neutral:0.000000)), smaller brains (0.647487 (neutral:0.000000)), neurologic disorders (0.645584 (negative:-0.788352)), hallmark symptoms (0.644814 (negative:-0.712740)), National Academies (0.640753 (neutral:0.000000)), human terms (0.635339 (neutral:0.000000)), McMaster University (0.634586 (neutral:0.000000)), premature death (0.631967 (neutral:0.000000)), physiological symptoms (0.629926 (neutral:0.000000)), sedentary person (0.626170 (neutral:0.000000)), journal Proceedings (0.625226 (neutral:0.000000)), cardiovascular events (0.620692 (negative:-0.680951)), athlete training (0.618058 (neutral:0.000000)), control group. (0.613575 (negative:-0.602355)), similar people (0.612322 (neutral:0.000000)), Stanford University (0.611778 (neutral:0.000000)), death rates (0.609973 (negative:-0.680951)), higher rates (0.608088 (neutral:0.000000)), cancer events (0.607658 (negative:-0.602355)), non-runners (0.527197 (negative:-0.698200))

Dr. Mark Tarnopolsky:Person (0.809354 (neutral:0.000000)), non-runners —:City (0.436853 (neutral:0.000000)), Archives ofInternal Medicine:PrintMedia (0.391937 (neutral:0.000000)), National Academies of Sciences:Organization (0.364467 (negative:-0.316399)), professor of pediatrics:JobTitle (0.344777 (neutral:0.000000)), McMaster University:Organization (0.342231 (neutral:0.000000)), Canada:Country (0.322793 (neutral:0.000000)), Stanford University:Organization (0.320920 (neutral:0.000000)), Proceedings of:PrintMedia (0.306812 (negative:-0.316399)), Ontario:StateOrCounty (0.306684 (neutral:0.000000)), 21 years:Quantity (0.306684 (neutral:0.000000)), 13 years:Quantity (0.306684 (neutral:0.000000)), 19 years:Quantity (0.306684 (neutral:0.000000)), 3 months:Quantity (0.306684 (neutral:0.000000)), 8 months:Quantity (0.306684 (neutral:0.000000)), 15%:Quantity (0.306684 (neutral:0.000000)), 34%:Quantity (0.306684 (neutral:0.000000))

Death (0.944196): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Ageing (0.692418): dbpedia | freebase
Senescence (0.610519): website | dbpedia | freebase
Gerontology (0.608330): website | dbpedia | freebase
Demography (0.449882): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Physical exercise (0.402706): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Obesity (0.387083): dbpedia | freebase
Medicine (0.379049): dbpedia | freebase

 Exercise counteracts aging effects
Electronic/World Wide Web>Internet Article:  Mascarelli, Amanda (9/1/2011), Exercise counteracts aging effects, Los Angeles Times, Retrieved on 2011-09-03
  • Source Material []
  • Folksonomies: exercise aging


    30 SEP 2011

     Exercise and the Brain

    Studies that show a positive effect on the brain, intelligence, and plasticity from exercise.