Dunning–Kruger effect

People tend to hold overly favorable views of their abilities in many social and intellectual domains. The authors suggest that this overestimation occurs, in part, because people who are unskilled in these domains suffer a dual burden: Not only do these people reach erroneous conclusions and make unfortunate choices, but their incompetence robs them of the metacognitive ability to realize it. Across 4 studies, the authors found that participants scoring in the bottom quartile on tests of humor, grammar, and logic grossly overestimated their test performance and ability. Although their test scores put them in the 12th percentile, they estimated themselves to be in the 62nd. Several analyses linked this miscalibration to deficits in metacognitive skill, or the capacity to distinguish accuracy from error. Paradoxically, improving the skills of participants, and thus increasing their metacognitive competence, helped them recognize the limitations of their abilities.


People who are unskilled in domains grossly overestimate their abilities compared to those who are skilled.

Folksonomies: knowledge wisdom ignorance

overly favorable views (0.930037 (negative:-0.658484)), intellectual domains (0.806273 (negative:-0.658484)), erroneous conclusions (0.784341 (negative:-0.574295)), Dunning–Kruger effect (0.776228 (negative:-0.635823)), unfortunate choices (0.769815 (negative:-0.791349)), 12th percentile (0.769328 (neutral:0.000000)), dual burden (0.768762 (negative:-0.732256)), metacognitive ability (0.726390 (negative:-0.727595)), metacognitive competence (0.723539 (positive:0.405977)), test scores (0.721531 (neutral:0.000000)), test performance (0.716992 (negative:-0.684584)), abilities (0.714337 (negative:-0.652855)), people (0.711172 (negative:-0.598701)), metacognitive skill (0.707090 (negative:-0.398724)), participants (0.613888 (positive:0.739340)), authors (0.591967 (negative:-0.413887)), incompetence (0.573667 (negative:-0.727595)), 62nd (0.569322 (neutral:0.000000)), deficits (0.563458 (negative:-0.398724)), limitations (0.556599 (negative:-0.664258)), accuracy (0.549356 (negative:-0.408693)), error (0.547762 (negative:-0.408693)), analyses (0.547391 (neutral:0.000000)), overestimation (0.547259 (negative:-0.413888)), capacity (0.545431 (negative:-0.408693)), grammar (0.545193 (negative:-0.244019)), studies (0.543344 (neutral:0.000000)), miscalibration (0.543009 (neutral:0.000000)), tests (0.542993 (neutral:0.000000))

Skill (0.968467): dbpedia | freebase
Competence (0.866394): dbpedia
Critical thinking (0.828633): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc | yago

 Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties in Recognizing One's Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-Assessments
Periodicals>Journal Article:  Kruger, Justin and Dunning, David (1999), Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties in Recognizing One's Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-Assessments, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 77 (6): 1121–34. , Retrieved on 2012-03-18
  • Source Material [citeseerx.ist.psu.edu]
  • Folksonomies: psychology


    18 MAR 2012

     Ignorance Begets Confidence

    Ignorance Begets Confidence > Additional Support/Evidence > Dunning–Kruger effect
    Darwin said it, Dunning-Kruger proved it.
    27 APR 2013

     Handling Dunning-Kruger

    Dunning–Kruger effect > Conclusion > Handling Self Doubt
    How does one deal with the self-doubt that comes with knowing just how much you don't know?
    Folksonomies: discipline cognitive bias
    Folksonomies: discipline cognitive bias


    06 JUL 2012

     Cognitive Bias

    Research on biases we into which we naturally fall.
    Folksonomies: cognition bias
    Folksonomies: cognition bias