Forage on the Enemy

作戰: 故不盡知用兵之害者,則不能盡知用兵之利也。善用兵者,役不再籍,糧不三載,取用于國,因糧于敵,故軍食可足也。國之貧于師者遠輸,遠輸則百姓貧,近于師者貴賣,貴賣則百姓財竭,財竭則急于丘役,力屈財殫,中原內虛于家,百姓之費,十去其七,公家之費,破車罷馬,甲冑矢弩,戟楯蔽櫓,丘牛大車,十去其六。

Waging War: It is only one who is thoroughly acquainted with the evils of war that can thoroughly understand the profitable way of carrying it on. The skillful soldier does not raise a second levy, neither are his supply-wagons loaded more than twice. Bring war material with you from home, but forage on the enemy. Thus the army will have food enough for its needs. Poverty of the State exchequer causes an army to be maintained by contributions from a distance. Contributing to maintain an army at a distance causes the people to be impoverished. On the other hand, the proximity of an army causes prices to go up; and high prices cause the people's substance to be drained away. When their substance is drained away, the peasantry will be afflicted by heavy exactions. With this loss of substance and exhaustion of strength, the homes of the people will be stripped bare, and three-tenths of their income will be dissipated; while government expenses for broken chariots, worn-out horses, breast-plates and helmets, bows and arrows, spears and shields, protective mantles, draught-oxen and heavy wagons, will amount to four-tenths of its total revenue.

作戰: 故智將務食於敵,食敵一鍾,當吾二十鍾, 秆一石,當我二十石。故殺敵者怒也,取敵之利者貨也。故車戰,得車十乘以上,賞其先得者,而更其旌旗,車雜而乘之,卒善而養之,是謂勝敵而益強。

Waging War: Hence a wise general makes a point of foraging on the enemy. One cartload of the enemy's provisions is equivalent to twenty of one's own, and likewise a single picul of his provender is equivalent to twenty from one's own store. Now in order to kill the enemy, our men must be roused to anger; that there may be advantage from defeating the enemy, they must have their rewards. Therefore in chariot fighting, when ten or more chariots have been taken, those should be rewarded who took the first. Our own flags should be substituted for those of the enemy, and the chariots mingled and used in conjunction with ours. The captured soldiers should be kindly treated and kept. This is called, using the conquered foe to augment one's own strength.

Notes:

Folksonomies: wargaming strategy war

Taxonomies:
/society/unrest and war (0.563349)
/law, govt and politics/armed forces/army (0.527566)
/business and industrial/agriculture and forestry/crops and seed (0.307974)

Keywords:
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Entities:
army:Organization (0.915423 (negative:-0.465609))

Concepts:
Soldier (0.939467): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Coventry (0.779531): geo | website | dbpedia | freebase | yago | geonames
Army (0.749157): dbpedia | freebase
Chariot (0.692320): dbpedia | freebase
Distance (0.690507): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Poverty (0.671113): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Military (0.660625): dbpedia | freebase
Foraging (0.660581): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
Causality (0.648817): dbpedia | freebase
Gavin DeGraw (0.629920): website | dbpedia | freebase | yago
Cycle of poverty (0.627433): freebase | dbpedia | yago
Metaphysics (0.626839): dbpedia | freebase | opencyc
KILL (0.624568): dbpedia | freebase

 The Art of War
Books, Brochures, and Chapters>Book:  Tzu, Sun (-450), The Art of War, Retrieved on 2017-03-15
  • Source Material [ctext.org]
  • Folksonomies: war strategy wargaming